In the past, computer engineering was split into two sub-categories: Computer Hardware Engineering and Computer Software Engineering. With new technology it comes the need for new areas of expertise, and now the field consists of specialties that really deserve their own category. Networking, infrastructure, architecture, as well as application and web development all play important Role in computer engineering, and those programs are widely available in the world.
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM); IEEE Computer Society (IEEECS); Computing Research Association; American Mathematical Society; Institute for Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers.
Robotic Surgery is a computer-assisted surgery and robotically-assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery. If the robotically-assisted minimally-invasive surgery, instead of directly moving the instruments, they can use one of two methods to administer the instruments and they include a direct telemanipulator or through computer control.
Clinical Robotic Surgery Association, Society of Robotic Surgery, European association of robotic colorectal surgery, IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, Society of European Robotic Gynaecological Surgery
A biosimilar is a biologic medical product that are highly similar to the reference product in terms of safety, purity and potency, but may have minor differences in clinically inactive components. They are almost an identical copy of an original products that is manufactured by a different company. it is a biologic that is “similar” to another biologic medicine as they do not have to be exact copies of the active ingredient, as with small-molecule drug generics. They play major role in Biological Medicine, Biopharmaceuticals, Biopharmaceutical Informatics, Biosimilar Pharmacovigilance and many more..
BioSim-Asociación Española de Biosimilars, Medicines for Europe(EGA), GPhA-Generic Pharmaceutical Association, Bio Innovations, IGBA- International Generic and Biosimilars Medicines Association, BGMA-British Biosimilars Association
The mechanical engineering branch requires an understanding of core areas including dynamics, mechanics, materials science, thermodynamics, structural analysis, and electricity. In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), also, item life cycle administration to outline and break down assembling plants, modern gear and hardware, warming and cooling frameworks, transport frameworks, air ship, watercraft, mechanical technology, medicinal gadgets, weapons, and others.
American Society of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineers; Earthquake Engineers Research Institute; United States Society of Dams; American Concrete Institute; American Society for Engineering Education.
Chemical engineering is a branch which influence diverse areas of technology. It deals with the design, improvement of processes and machines and plants operation through which the physical or chemical state of materials undergo disparate changes. This begins with beginning with experimentation in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in large-scale production. Chemical Engineers play an important role in the advancement of systems that depend upon material response for their functioning.
American Chemical Society; American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE); Electrochemical Society (ECS); American Hydrogen Association (AHA); Association of Energy Engineers (AEE); National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers.
Automobile Engineering is a field of engineering which teaches creating, designing, mechanical mechanisms and operations of automobiles. Automobile is a vehicle driven by an internal combustion engine used for transportation of passengers, goods, etc.
It involves in study of mechanical, electronic, software and safety elements. Due to the rapid growth of automobile component manufacturers and automobile industries, there is a huge demand for Automobile Engineers.
American Society of Automobile Engineering; Automotive Industry Action Group; Institution of Automobile Engineering; Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International); United States Council for Automotive Research.
Environmental Engineering is also the branch of applied science & technology that addresses the problem of preservation of energy, reducing waste from human and animal activities & production asset. It is concerned with the human population’s protection; environment protection & improve the environmental quality. These engineers use the principles of engineering, biology, chemistry & soil science to develop solutions to environmental problems. They work to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control and also address global issues, such as unsafe drinking water, climate change, and environmental sustainability. Environmental engineers study the effect of technological advances on the environment, addressing local and worldwide environmental issues such as air pollution, acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion and water pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial waste and other sources.
Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors (AEESP); American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE); International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE); American Geophysical Union (AGU).
Engineering is a process of developing an efficient mechanism which quickens and eases the work using limited resources, with the help of technology. Ethics are the principles accepted by the society, which also equate to the moral standards of human beings. An engineer with ethics, can assist the society in a better way.
Engineering Ethics is the set of rules and regulation that engineers stick to as a moral commitment to their profession and to the world. Engineering is a professional career that impact lives. Engineering Ethics applies to every engineer and is very significant.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; Institution of Civil Engineers; National Society of Professional Engineers; American Institute of Chemical Engineers; American Nuclear Society; Institute of Industrial Engineers
Bionics is the replacement or replication of biological systems by mechanical and electronic systems to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology. Bionics refers to the flow of concepts from biology to engineering and vice versa. It is the study of certain biological functions, especially those relating to the brain, that are applicable to the development of electronic equipment. In the field of computer science, the study of bionics has produced artificial neurons, artificial neural networks, the science concerned with the application of data about the functioning of biological systems to the solution of engineering problems
Implant IoT Medical Devices is a less widely known class of wearable IoT medical devices transforming healthcare are implant devices that are placed or kept on the surface of the human body. IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and also the ability to transfer data to a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. The Medical IoT will make medicine participatory, personalized, predictive and preventive (P4 Medicine).
Nanotechnology is the branch in science that is study of extremely small structures, with size of 0.1 to 100 NM. Brief explanation of many types of pharmaceutical nano systems is given. Classification of nano materials based on their dimensions is given. Nanotechnology is an extension of existing sciences into the nano scale, or as a reorganizing of existing sciences using a newer, more modern term. Applications of various nano systems in cancer therapy such as carbon nano tube, dendrites, nano crystal, nano wire, nano shells etc.
American Nuclear Society; American Railway Engineering Association; American Society for Engineering Education; American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers; American Society of Civil Engineers;
Nuclear power is a clean and well-organized way of boiling water to make steam, which turns turbines to produce electricity. Nuclear power plants utilize low-enriched uranium fuel to produce electricity through a process called fission—the splitting of uranium atoms in a nuclear.
Nuclear power offers many advantages for the environment as well. Power plants don’t burn any products so they produce no burning by-products. Additionally, because they don’t create greenhouse gases, nuclear plants help protect air quality and mitigate climate change.
American Society of Nuclear Power; American Society of Plumbing Engineers; American Society of Safety Engineers; American Society for Nondestructive Testing; American Welding Society; Architectural Engineering Institute.
Alternative Energies are used to maintain the balance of nature without causing it much harm as compared to the conventional energy sources and it is any energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel, such as its high carbon dioxide emissions that is a major factor in global warming. These Alternative energies are widely available and are environment friendly and cause little or almost no pollution. Most commonly known alternative energy sources are Hydroelectric Energy, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Biomass Energy, Geothermal Energy, Tidal Power. The relatively new concepts for alternative energies includes Carbon-neutral and negative fuels, Biomass briquettes, Biological hydrogen production, Hydroelectricity, Marine and hydrokinetic energy and Nuclear power.
Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering; Association for Computing Machinery; Audio Engineering Society; Biomedical Engineering Society; American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Bio engineering is a field which deals with engineering principles of the Plan and study to biological systems and biomedical technologies. Some Bio engineering research examples include bacteria engineered to produce chemicals, new medical imaging technology, portable disease diagnostic devices, and tissue engineered organs.
Bio engineering append various fields such as electrical and mechanical engineering, computer science, materials science, chemistry, and biology.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers; Institute of Transportation Engineers; National Academy of Engineering; National Society of Black Engineers.
Food Technology is a science which share out with the techniques and principals involved in processing and preserving the food substances. The application of food science assists in manufacturing safe, wholesome and nutritious food products. The study of food technology is to improve new fields and systems for keeping food products safe and resistant from natural harms such as bacteria and other micro-organisms. Food processing assists in the preservation enhances the flavor and reduces the toxins in the food product which results in greater distributional efficiency and easy marketing of the food product.
National Society of Professional Engineers; Order of the Engineer; Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering; American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); International Water Association (IWA).
Agricultural Engineering is the science and technology, which is used for the production of food grains. It includes the principles of engineering, science and technology for production and processing in the field of agriculture. The knowledge of agriculture basis gets combined with the disciplines of animal biology, plant biology and also principles of Mechanical, Civil, Electrical and Chemical Engineering.
Society of Broadcast Engineers; Society of Fire Protection Engineers; Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers; Society of Manufacturing Engineers; Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the term which defines the use of a computer to model and/or replicate intelligent behavior. Research in AI mainly concentrates on the development and analysis of algorithms that learn and/or perform an intelligent behavior with minimal human intervention. Several research groups fall under the general umbrella of AI in the department, but are disciplines in their own right, including: robotics, natural language processing (NLP), computer vision, computational biology, and e-commerce. Specifically, research is being conducted in estimation theory, mobility mechanisms, multi-agent negotiation, natural language interfaces, machine learning, active computer vision, probabilistic language models for use in spoken language interfaces.
Bio mechanics is the study of the systems and structures of biological organisms, which includes the smallest plants to the largest animals, reacts to various forces and external stimuli. In humans, bio mechanics also refers to the study of how the skeletal and musculature systems work under different conditions. In bio mechanics more generally, scientists also try to apply physics and other mathematically based forms of analysis to discover the limits and capability
American Indian Council of Architects and Engineers; American Indian Science and Engineering Society; American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics; American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Bio process Engineering is a discipline of biotechnology that is responsible for translation of discoveries in life sciences into products. It deals with the design and development of apparatus and processes for the create of products such as agriculture, food, feed, pharmaceuticals, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and polymers and paper from biological material and treatment of waste water. It provides platform for bio technologists, chemists and process engineers to disseminate scientific information for solid understanding of Chemical and Bio process engineering and technologies.
American Nuclear Society; American Railway Engineering Association; American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers; American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Metallurgy is the art and science of extracting metals from their ores and modifying the metals for use. This field requires understanding the core concepts of each class of materials including ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, magnetic materials, medical implant materials and biological materials in the respective field. This investigates the relationship between the structure of products at an early stage of atomic and molecular scales and their macroscopic properties with the help of applied physics and chemistry.
American Society for Engineering Education; American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers; American Society of Civil Engineers; American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Aerospace engineering is a primary study of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. This includes craft used both insides (aeronautical engineering) and outside (astronautical engineering) the Earth’s atmosphere. It combines an understanding of fluid dynamics, robust but lightweight materials and the chemistry and thermodynamics of engines.
Related societies: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA); American Society of Mechanical Engineering (ASME); Biomedical Engineering Society; Society of Women Engineers; Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
Petroleum Engineering is a branch engineering discipline that deals with the activities associated with the production of hydrocarbons, which may be either oil or natural gas. Crude oil engineering needs a decent knowledge of many alternatives connected disciplines, geology a better, petroleum geology, formation analysis drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial elevate systems, completions and petroleum production engineering.